Social Psychology Network

Maintained by Scott Plous, Wesleyan University

Kai Epstude

Kai Epstude

My current research interests center around the broad question of how goals influence our feelings and behavior. Specifically, I'm exploring goal-related aspects of counterfactual thinking and regret. I also have an interest in consequences of counterfactual thoughts and (life) regrets for well-being and health-related outcomes. Other research interests include the mental representation of the self in intergroup contexts, and the related question of how group contexts shape our affective experience.

Primary Interests:

  • Emotion, Mood, Affect
  • Intergroup Relations
  • Motivation, Goal Setting
  • Self and Identity
  • Social Cognition

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Journal Articles:

  • Epstude, K., & Jonas, K. J. (2015). Regret and counterfactual thinking in the face of inevitability: The case of HIV positive men. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 6, 157-163.
  • Epstude, K., & Mussweiler, T. (2009). What you feel is how you compare: How comparisons influence the social induction of affect. Emotion, 9, 1-14.
  • Epstude, K., & Peetz, J. (2012). Mental time travel: A conceptual overview of social psychological perspectives on a fundamental human capacity. European Journal of Social Psychology, 42, 269-275.
  • Epstude, K., & Roese, N. J. (2011). When goal pursuit fails: The functions of counterfactual thought in intention formation. Social Psychology, 48, 19-27.
  • Epstude, K., & Roese, N. J. (2008). The functional theory of counterfactual thinking. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 12, 168-192.
  • Epstude, K., Scholl, A., & Roese, N.J. (2016). Prefactual thoughts: Mental simulations about what might happen. Review of General Psychology, 20, 48-56.
  • Fessel, F., Epstude, K., & Roese, N. J. (2009). Hindsight bias redefined: It's about time. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 110, 56-64.
  • Kutlaca, M., van Zomeren, M., & Epstude, K. (2016). Preaching to the Choir? Framing values and identity in collective action mobilization. Social Psychology, 47, 15-28.
  • Meerholz, E.W., Spears, R, & Epstude, K. (in press). Having pity on our victims to save ourselves: Compassion reduces self-critical emotions and self-blame about past harmful behavior among those who highly identify with their past self. PLOS One.
  • Morrison M., Epstude, K., & Roese, N. J. (2012). Life regrets and the need to belong. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 3, 675-681.
  • Mussweiler, T., & Epstude, K. (2009). Relatively fast! Efficiency Advantages of Comparative Thinking. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 138, 1-21.
  • Peetz, J., & Epstude, K. (2016). Calendars matter: Temporal categories affect cognition about future time periods. Social Cognition,34, 255-270.
  • Roese, N. J., & Epstude, K. (2017). The Functional Theory of Counterfactual Thinking: New Evidence, New Challenges, New Insights. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 56, 1-79.
  • Roese, N. J., Smallman, R., & Epstude, K. (2017). Do Episodic Counterfactual Thoughts Focus on Personally Controllable Action? The Role of Self-Initiation. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 73, 14-23.
  • Seehusen, J., Cordaro, F., Wildschut, R. T., Sedikides, C., Routledge, C., Blackhart, G. C., Epstude, K., & Vingerhoets, A. J. J. M. (2013). Individual Differences in Nostalgia Proneness: The Integrating Role of the Need to Belong. Personality and Individual Differences, 8, 904-908.
  • Ünal, A.B., Steg, L., Epstude, K. (2012). The effects of music on mental effort and driving performance. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 48 , 271-278

Other Publications:

  • Häfner, M., & Epstude, K. (in press). Sexual Behavior. In R. Deutsch, B. Gawronski, & W. Hofmann (Eds.), Reflective and Impulsive Determinants of Human Behavior. Psychology Press.

Courses Taught:

  • Anger & Aggression
  • Controversies in Social Psychology
  • Intergroup Relations
  • Social Cognition

Kai Epstude
Department of Psychology
University of Groningen
Grote Kruisstraat 2/1
9712 TS Groningen
The Netherlands

  • Phone: +31 50 363 7632
  • Fax: +31 50 363 4581

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